A briefly important school of Marxism that flourished in the 1970s, but which had effectively ceased to exist by the early 1980s. The movement and its ideas are primarily associated with the three largest European communist parties of the time: the Italian Communist Party, the French Communist Party and the Spanish Communist Party. Its key thinkers and practitioners were Enrico Berlinguer, Jean Ellenstein and Santiago Carrillo. The distinguishing features of Eurocommunism were a critical perspective on the Soviet Union and the Soviet model of socialism, a pluralist view of Marxism as taking different forms in different countries, and a commitment to human and civil rights and to a parliamentary road to socialism. The very pluralism of Eurocommunism entailed a lack of homogeneity within the movement and a lack of coherence in its theoretical outlook. See also LONGO, LUIGI.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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